The United Church of Christ (UCC) is a mainline Protestant Christian denomination primarily in the Reformed tradition, in “historical continuation of the Congregational churches founded under the influence of New England Puritanism.”
The Evangelical and Reformed Church and the Congregational Christian Churches united in 1957 to form the United Church of Christ. These two denominations, which were themselves the result of earlier unions, had their roots in Congregational, Christian, Evangelical and Reformed denominations.
The United Church of Christ’s 5287 congregations claim 1,080,198 members, primarily in the United States.The UCC maintains full communion with other mainline Protestant denominations. Many of its congregations choose to practice open communion. The denomination places high emphasis on the participation in worldwide interfaith and ecumenical efforts.
The national settings of the UCC have historically favored liberal views on social issues, such as civil rights, gay rights, women’s rights and abortion rights. However, UCC congregations are independent in matters of doctrine and ministry and may not necessarily support the national body’s theological and moral stances.
It is self-described as an extremely pluralistic and diverse denomination.